IntroductionSiniya Island is located one kilometer, east of Umm Al Quwain city, they are separated by Umm Al Quwain creek. The length of the island is about eight kilometers, and its width extends up to four miles. The island was of great historical importance, as residents of Umm Al Quwain have settled in it when they moved from Mulah Island, led by Sheikh Majid bin Rashid Al Mualla, two hundred years ago. Many years later, people of Umm Al Quwain have then, moved from the Siniya Island to Umm Al Quwain. Siniya Island is, topographically, flat and characterized by the existence of Mangroves, Ghaf trees and superficial plants. The island is a natural park where deers, seagulls, eagles, herons and cormorants live. There are 65 different archaeological sites in the island that contain some graves, structural remains, psoriasis hills and towers.
Firstly: The gravesThere are many individual graves scattered on the outskirts of the island as well as the mass graves. Each cemetery contains from ten to one hundred tombs.
Graves’ properties: -1 - The tomb has two "witness" columns and the Temple opens towards north-south structure, directly to Qiblah. 2 - External walls of some graves were bounded with a row of marine stones. 3 - It appears that the graves referred to fishermen and seasonal residents of the island.
Second: TowersThere are two towers in the island, known locally as "Burj Nahar and Burj Al Bahar», they are used to illuminate for the ships.
Burj Nahar:It is rectangular, (6.58 x 4.48 cm), 6.87 cm high, consists of two floors, built of stone with mud and was covered with cement. The door of the tower (162 x 100 cm), leads to the first floor. On the right side of the entrance, there is a stairway consists of 13 degrees leading to the second floor of the recently wood roofed tower; it was based on wooden beams. The wall is characterized by seven windows overlooking towards all directions and it was used for lighting, ventilation and monitoring. There is an external control window in the center of each interface. It is worth mentioning that there is, on the ground floor, a water tank; its dimensions are (220 x 85 cm) and it is of (66 cm) depth. This tank is constructed of cement occupies part.
Burj Al Bahar:It is rectangle (502 × 492) cm, it resembles the other tower, and the entrance width reached 170 cm, its height is 89 cm. The top part is thin in both towers.
Thirdly: The mounds of ShellsThe Island contains some mounds of oyster shells, molluscs and others; they might have been used a food source for fishermen.
Fourth: Stone CirclesThe island contains (29) locations of stone circles spread intensively on the edge of the western shore of the island. Each circle is composed of a group of marine stones (brushes) , placed in the form of a pile of stones, their diameters range between 1 m and 2 m. These holes were used as burning stoves for cooking. No broken potteries are found there, so it is likely, referred to pre- Islamic period.
Fifth: Building RemainsOn the eastern shore of the island, remains of marine stones buildings are discovered. These remains took the shape of panels (Slaps) for small wide rooms of 1 pm - 2 p.m., they were likely residents for fishermen, as heaps of broken potteries used for storing fishes by salting and smoking them, are found on the island, as well as some intact pottery jars which could be dated according to the similar fracture that found in the United Arab Emirates. They are divided into several types as follows: -
First: Local pottery:-This type is thick, rough and its color is reddish-brown. It followed the style of Julfar and dated between the seventeenth century and the nineteenth century.
Secondly: Glazed potteries:
- Monochrome glazed potteries.
- Under paint glazed potteries.
Dating to the late Islamic era, between seventeenth and nineteenth century).
Third: Pottery imported from Oman and Yemen:This type of potteries was characterized by its pure pink, creamy and brown color. It is glazed in dark and greenish brown and dated to the late Islamic era (the fourth century - the seventh century AD).
Fourth: Abbasi Pottery:The paste of Abbasi Pottery is of pure pink and creamy color, glazed in pale green. It is dated to the Abbasid period (ninth century - the second century AD).
Fifth: The Chinese celadon:This type of potteries was characterized by its pure scorched, well burned paste. It is dated to the era between XIII and XIV.
Sixth: Chinese porcelain Pottery:It is characterized thin paste and different decorations. It is dated to the nineteen century.