Fort Al Ali

Historical Background
Upon entering through Bab Al Sabah gate, time pulls you back in the deep history. It is exactly Umm Al Quwain fort which represents the most ancient historical building in Umm Al Quwain, it was firstly established by H.H.Sheikh Rashid Bin Majid Al Mualla,the foundator of Al Mualla Royal Family, in 1768 as a residence and  venue for his Government. Having a significant effect on the memory of Umm Al Quwain citizens, this fort represents the image of their power and dignity.
It was maintaining its official and public significance till the year 1969 as the venue of the Government .In 2000, it was reopened as a museum in accordance with the directions of H.H. Sheikh / Rashid Bin Ahmed Al Mualla , member of supreme council of the UAE , ruler of Umm Al Quwain ,after it had been restored and rehabilitated.
The Royal Family Heritages Section
This section is considered the core of the museum, as it concentrates on the Royal Family Heritages; which represents indivisible part of Umm Al Quwain citizen`s history.
First : The Ruler`s  Properties  Room
This room contains many memorial gifts given to His Highness on different occasions . Two golden swords, one matchlock, some  memorial coins and others are available there. In addition to that, a collection of old golden jewelries which reflect the traditional gold manufacturing in Arab Gulf area. Her Highness, Sheikhah Shamsah Al Majid , wife of His Highness Sheikh / Rashid Bin Ahmed Al Mualla, gave these jewelries  to the museum as gifts. One of the precious contents of this room is the glazed gold  Royal Family tree.
Second: The documentary film room
There is a small corner of the photos in the traditional style.
The Story Of The Tower
The nation willingness is clearly expressed by its sincerity and faithfulness to its government represented in Al Mulla family. The people here are intimately linked with this viturous land. This tower which extended back to three centuries, has witnessed an incident transmitted from generation to an other and recited by the fort in utmost dignity and proudness. It was the martyrdom of H. H. Sheikh Hamad Bin Ibrahim Al Mualla in 1929, the 8th ruler of  Al Mualla family in Umm Al Quwain.
One day, while H. H. Sheikh Hamad was taking his supper, (others said he was sick), in the presence of his cousins, as uaual in the room adjoining the tower , entered two of his guards– his nephews-; Abdul Rahman and Saeed ( Al Abd )  to greet him and to take supper with him ( some people said that he was fasting ). However, Saeed was carrying a gun, suddenly, he shot his uncle. Then they held his body up to inform the people of Umm Al Quwain that Sheikh Hamad was dead and that by tomorrow people of Umm Al Quwain would know their new ruler.
At that time, the people of Umm Al Quwain were furious and upset, so they were alerted and mobilized under the leadership of H.H. Sheikh Ahmed Bin Rashid Al Mulla and supprted by his cousins in order to control the situation, Abdul Rahman and Saeed were seeking shelter inside the fort. As the fort was high, it was easy for them to impose their domination upon the situation outside. After the matter had thoroughly been discussed, it was agreed to destroy the fort comoletely by a cannon, Saeed and Abdul Raman were able to see a vast area around them, so they saw that some people were towing the cannon towards the fort.
Saeed Al Abd shot Hilal ( one of those who were towing the cannon ) in his leg.
After deep thinking on the matter, the wise and powerful men of Umm Al Quwain made up their mind to dig a moat around the fort . After that they filled the moat of palm leaves and put on fire, as soon as fire was put up, it burnt Abdul Rahman and Saeed, so people of Umm Al Quwain got rid of both of them and suceeded to keep peace and stability in the Emirate.                                                                                                                                                                              This incident shows how the citizens of Umm Al Quwain were faithful to their leader and to what extent they loved him.
Third : the traditional market
Featuring the traditional market Attar, replace fabrics, Mahloa and coffee shop.
Forth : Sea Equipment room
Sea is of a great importance for the life of UAQ people whether in constructing ships, in fishing, in diving or in other sea related professions. This room concludes a group of ships` models which were used in fishing or diving for pearls:ex.- Sanbook, Jalbot,Samaa` and Albom. There are also some diving equipment:- scale, compass and the rope by which the diver is pulled.
Fifth : Documentation Room
Depending on the importance of documents, the department of Museum & Heritages designates a special room for displaying the important records affecting the different aspects of Umm Al Quwain past days. The room display objects include:- the first passport issued in the emirate, first  driving license, first trading license ( with the government seal), first stamp issued in Umm Al Quwain and a group of hand written Quraan copies referring to the year 1800.
Sixth: The date store (Medbassah)
A small store room where bags of dates are put aside for a certain time, affected by humidity and high temperature, dates turn to liquid gathering into a designated hole, this liquid is called locally (Dibs and sometimes Sih).
Seventh :  Sheikh Room
Sheikh Room lies on the upper floor and it faces the internal courtyard, it is characterized by the originality of Arabic habits and traditions. The contents of the room include:- a Saj wood double bed, Al Mandoos " traditional box used for keeping clothes" it is decorated by specific metallic decoration, money storing box, Bashtakhtah and small majlis for Sheikh guests.
Eighth : Sheikhah Room:-
Sheikh Room lies on the upper floor and it faces the internal courtyard, from the other direction, it is also characterized by the originality of Arabic habits and traditions. The contents of the room include:- a Saj wood double bed, Al Mandoos " traditional box used for keeping clothes" it is decorated by specific metallic decoration. The room contains, also perfumes box, Manaz " child bed" some utensils, Hareem Majlis " women room" where sheikhah guests come to greet her.
Ninth : Popular professions room (folklore):-
Before the appearance of oil in the Gulf area, people were living on   some professions ex. fishing, diving, tailoring. Here in this room, visitors can see Quraa teaching equipments, silver ornaments:- khlkhal, khatim, bracles, ear rings, women wearing" kandorah" traditional dresss, burqu` "  face cover, head cover. Other aspect of daily life is also shown here: financial aspect as some coins and money papers  from Bahrain, Qatar, Emirates and Indian Rubees are displayed.
Tenth : military Room
This room includes a set of car number plates of old, driving licenses, old military uniforms, the Islamic shield and a collection of old photos.
Eleventh : The kitchen         
Traditional utensils are there: Qidir " cooking pot", tassah "bowl" Miashkhal, mass, gibshah, mihmass, melass, trays, coffee equipments, tanoor " fire pit" for preparing food by using wood. Food kinds are:- Briyani, Harees, Saloonah, fish, date, vegetables and the most important is the coffee serving.
Twelfth : Weapon room
It consists of two groups: 1- swords and " Kattarah" Arabic name for special type of  swords
2- guns and matchlocks ex. Umm Feteelah, Kanad, Sam`aa.
Thirteenth : The prison
This room is attached to the fort, here criminals are kept. Near the prison lying a large log called Hattabat Attobah where the criminal puts his legs then locked by   a big metal lock and sit there for certain time.
Fourteenth : The traditional room (Areesh)
It is built of palm leaves " Daoo`n" or  'Brasty", it is used specially during summer. Some utensils are there : Manaz ( child bed ), grinding stone, a traditional  oil lamp " fanner".